True Cellular Formulas Team - September 29, 2023

Wheat Thins and BHT

What You Need to Know

The Apeel Debate

Wheat Thins – the name itself conjures up images of golden fields of grain, sunny days, and the idea of a healthy snack. As one of the popular cracker brands available on shelves, many of us opt for these seemingly wholesome bites without a second thought. After all, the name alone gives an impression of health, doesn’t it? However, as we peel back the layers of this crunchy snack, there emerges a surprising and potentially unsettling truth that every consumer should be aware of.

The E.U. and Japan's Stance

Across the vast and intricate landscape of global food regulations, different countries have different criteria for what constitutes a safe and acceptable food product. Enter the European Union (E.U.) and Japan – two significant entities known for their stringent food safety guidelines. A startling revelation for many is that Wheat Thins are not available for consumption in these regions. The culprit? BHT, or Butylated hydroxytoluene.

BHT has been flagged in several studies, leading the E.U. and Japan to ban products containing it, including our beloved Wheat Thins.[1] But why are these regions against BHT while others seem to turn a blind eye? The reasons run deep, ranging from health concerns to the precautionary principle often adopted in regulatory decisions.

What is BHT?

BHT, an abbreviation for Butylated hydroxytoluene, may not be a household name, but its usage in the food industry is more widespread than one might think. Primarily, BHT acts as a synthetic antioxidant, designed to prevent the oxidative rancidity of fats and oils in food products, thus extending their shelf life.[2]

But what's the concern with a chemical that simply keeps our foods fresh for longer? Several scientific studies have raised eyebrows regarding the potential risks of BHT. Research suggests that BHT can be a potential endocrine disruptor, affecting hormonal balance in the body.[3] Furthermore, certain studies point to its potential carcinogenic properties, meaning it could contribute to the development of cancers.[4]

While the full extent of BHT's health implications is still a matter of ongoing research and debate, countries like the E.U. and Japan have decided to err on the side of caution. Their approach is rooted in the belief that if an ingredient or additive poses potential risks, it's better to keep it out of the consumer market until its safety is definitively established.

The Label Loophole

As a consumer, one of the primary ways you can understand what's in your food is by glancing at the ingredient list. But here lies a sneaky loophole that companies have tapped into, especially concerning Wheat Thins and their BHT content.

Technically, BHT isn't found within the crackers themselves. Instead, it's used in the packaging that houses them. Because of this distinction, companies aren't obligated by law to list BHT on the product's ingredient label.[5] This means consumers might be consuming BHT indirectly without their knowledge.

When BHT is present in the packaging, the crackers are exposed to it, potentially allowing the chemical to migrate into the food product. This indirect exposure poses the same concerns as if the BHT were directly added to the crackers.

This loophole is a glaring example of how consumers can be left in the dark regarding what they're actually consuming. It underscores the importance of not just trusting labels but understanding the intricacies of food production and packaging.

Implications for Consumers

The Wheat Thins and BHT controversy sheds light on a broader issue: the potential dangers lurking in our everyday foods and the challenges consumers face in making informed decisions.

  • Awareness and Transparency: Not everything that’s potentially harmful is listed on the label. This emphasizes the necessity for consumers to be vigilant and proactive in understanding the foods they consume. It also raises questions about transparency in the food industry.
  • Potential Health Risks: Even if the levels of BHT migrating from the packaging to the crackers are minimal, cumulative exposure from various sources can be a concern. Given the potential health risks associated with BHT, consumers need to weigh the pros and cons of convenience versus health.
  • The Role of Packaging: It's not just what's inside the food that matters. This revelation about BHT in Wheat Thins underscores the importance of considering how food is packaged. Packaging materials can sometimes contain substances that might migrate into the food, affecting its safety and quality.

For consumers, these implications underscore the age-old adage: it's better to be safe than sorry. By being well-informed and making conscious choices, consumers can navigate the complex world of food products more confidently.

How to Protect Yourself

Given the nuances in global food regulations and potential discrepancies in labeling, how can consumers protect themselves and make informed decisions? Here are some actionable steps:

  • Read Labels Carefully: While they might not reveal everything, ingredient lists and labels are a good starting point. Look out for unfamiliar ingredients and do your research.
  • Research Brands and Practices: Familiarize yourself with the brands you buy. Are they transparent about their production methods? Do they have a reputation for quality and safety?
  • Opt for Products Approved by Strict Regulatory Bodies: Consider products that are approved or certified by organizations or regions with stringent safety standards.
  • Stay Updated: Food safety guidelines and research can evolve. Keep yourself informed about the latest findings related to food additives and potential risks.
  • Prioritize Natural and Organic Products: While not foolproof, opting for natural or organic products can sometimes reduce exposure to synthetic additives.


In the journey of making informed food choices, the Wheat Thins and BHT example serves as a potent reminder of the complexities consumers face. Knowledge, vigilance, and a proactive approach are key. By prioritizing our health and well-being, and demanding transparency from food producers, we can ensure that the foods we eat are not just delicious but safe as well.

  1. Opinion on Butylated Hydroxytoluene (BHT) - Public Health, 
  2. Horbańczuk, Olaf K et al. “The Effect of Natural Antioxidants on Quality and Shelf Life of Beef and Beef Products.” Food technology and biotechnology vol. 57,4 (2019): 439-447. doi:10.17113/ftb.
  3. Pop, Anca et al. “Endocrine disrupting effects of butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA - E320).” Clujul medical (1957) vol. 86,1 (2013): 16-20.
  4. Ito, N et al. “Carcinogenicity and modification of the carcinogenic response by BHA, BHT, and other antioxidants.” Critical reviews in toxicology vol. 15,2 (1985): 109-50. doi:10.3109/10408448509029322
  5. Burros, Marian. “BHT: Studying the Safety.” The Washington Post, WP Company, 23 June 1977,

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